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The waste liquid generated in the synthesis section could substitute part of water for the catalyst manufacturing. The well-milled slurry is then fed to spray drier, by which microsphere catalyst is produced. Following a successive calcination, packaging, and storage, the final catalyst can be obtained. The quality control points of the catalyst manufacturing process have been labeled in Figure 12 as CA1—CA4.

CA3 measures the particle size distribution and morphology of the semiproduct, which provides feedback to the spray drying to keep the suitable particle size distribution for product. CA4 is the analysis of the calcined product, including the solid content, composition, morphology, particle size distribution, attrition index, textural properties, bulk density, and catalytic performance.

The typical morphology and particle size distribution is shown in Figure Table 5. The reaction heat must be removed from the reaction bed simultaneously to keep the reaction temperature in the designed range. The methanol conversion shows a rapid drop after the coke amount on the catalyst reaching up to a maximum value Figure In order to maintain high activity of catalyst in the reactor, the in-line combustion of coke is required. Subsequently, the fluidized bed reactor was considered superior to fixed bed reactor because of the excellent heat transfer performance and good fluidity of catalyst in fluidization state.

On one hand, the great quantity of small catalyst particles can provide a very large surface area, and the heat transfer is rarely a problem in the fluidized bed. The temperature difference in the fluidized bed can be readily reduced to just several degrees via optimal operation. The heat removal is actually a common practice in fluidized bed processes in industries.

One example is the catalyst coolers widely used in fluid catalytic cracking FCC units in modern refineries. On the other hand, the catalyst, when fluidized, can be transported between the reactor and regenerator like a liquid, which makes the continuous regeneration of catalyst in DMTO process possible. In the DMTO process, the fluidized bed reactor—regenerator configuration was adopted.

In our early studies, different types of fluidized bed reactors were proposed and tested for DMTO process, which include two downer reactors and a dense phase fluidized bed reactor. In this connection, both the riser and downer reactors seem not suitable for DMTO process as the catalyst residence time is only several seconds, and the optimal operation window is hard to achieve without recycling the catalyst to accumulate coke on the catalyst. Furthermore, the methanol conversion is relatively low in either riser or downer reactor.

In the DMTO process, the dense phase fluidized bed reactor is chosen. Experiments in the laboratory showed that a catalyst—gas contact time of about 2—3 s is necessary in order to avoid undesired byproduct in the DMTO reaction. This imposes a great challenge for engineering design as it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to arrange gas distributor, cyclone diplegs, catalyst draw-off bin, and other internals in a space lower than 3 m.

Actually, a high gas velocity can result in an increased gas throughput. An even higher superficial gas velocity will make the fluidized bed transit from turbulent fluidization to fast fluidization. A turbulent fluidized bed reactor offers apparent operational advantages over the bubbling and fast fluidized bed due to the excellent catalyst—gas contact, high mass transfer efficiency, and large solids holdup. The scale-up of a new fluidized bed process is rather an engineering practice than an exact science.

However, in the FCC process, the regenerator is operating in the turbulent fluidized bed regime. The experience in the design and operation of FCC turbulent fluidized bed regenerator can certainly help to reduce the risk of DMTO reactor scale-up. The good fluidization performance of FCC catalyst is well-known to chemical engineers for decades. The two most important parameters, the particle size distribution and particle density, were specifically designed during the catalyst manufacturing.

To be sufficiently confident in designing a commercial DMTO reactor, the following problems have to be resolved: 1 fluidization of catalyst in methanol gas; 2 catalyst circulation; 3 catalyst stripping; 4 catalyst attrition; 5 optimal catalyst residence time; 6 optimal gas—catalyst contact time; 7 effect of reactor size on fluidization; 8 effect of reactor size on reaction; 9 heat of reaction.

Figure 15 shows the process of DMTO fluidized bed reactor scale-up. Table 6 summaries the typical operation conditions at different scale. The microscale fluidized bed is a fixed fluidized bed operated at bubbling fluidization regime without catalyst circulation. In this stage, the main task is to evaluate performance of DMTO catalyst and investigate the optimal operation window.

It was found that the coke content is nearly a linear function of catalyst residence time RT. We determined the optimal catalyst RT in microscale fluidized bed reactor, which was consequently implemented into the design of pilot-scale fluidized bed reactor.

Also the microscale reactor was used to study the reaction kinetics of DMTO process. Pilot-scale reactor is connected to a fluidized bed regenerator via standpipes, thus a complete catalyst circulation between reactor and regenerator can be tested. The pilot-scale reactor was operated at bubbling fluidization regime, and the catalyst circulation rate was determined by the catalyst RT obtained from the microscale experiments. In the pilot-scale reactor, the catalyst stripping was also tested.

The gas—catalyst contact time and WHSV were kept the same for both microscale and pilot-scale reactors, which are 2 to 3 s and 2—3 h —1 , respectively. The fluidization performance of DMTO catalyst was preliminarily demonstrated in the pilot-scale reactor. Scale up of DMTO fluidized bed reactor. Table 6. In the demonstration scale, the superficial gas velocity in the reactor was promoted to achieve a truly turbulent fluidization.

In addition to that, the catalyst circulation, stripping, attrition, as well as heat of reaction were carefully studied in the demonstration unit. Figure 16 is the schematic flow diagram of the DMTO demonstration unit. The unit consists of fluidized bed reactor, fluidized bed regenerator, quench tower, and sour water stripper.

The aims of the demonstration unit are to study the hydrodynamics and reaction performance of DMTO turbulent fluidized bed reactor and provide data for commercial reactor design, in addition to get exact product distribution data including all trace amounts of impurities, such as oxygenates, alkynes and dienes, for the following olefin recovery unit design.

The DMTO reactor in the demonstration unit has a diameter of 1 m, with a methanol feed rate of 2. The unit was running for a total of h. The influences of the operation conditions on methanol conversion and selectivity to ethene and propene were studied.

Catalyst attrition was also tested in the demonstration unit. Figure 17 shows the results during continuous operation, and Table 7 summarizes the average reaction results. In the demonstration unit, the average selectivity to ethene and propene was The data from this demonstration unit was implemented in the design package of commercial DMTO units. Schematic flow diagram of the DMTO demonstration unit. Table 7. Although the fluidization of Geldart type A particles such as FCC catalyst has been subject of research for decades, the knowledge on fluidization of DMTO catalyst is quite poor.

Thus, a modified correlation for the minimum fluidization velocity of DMTO catalyst was proposed by Zhao et al. Another work is to develop internals for DMTO reactor to control catalyst residence time distribution. As the catalyst residence time distribution is closely linked to the coke distribution in the reactor, which in turn affects the selectivity to light olefins in DMTO process. By use of KCl particles as tracers, we studied the influence of internals on catalyst residence time distribution in a pilot-scale cold flow fluidized bed.

On the basis of the results, an optimal internal was developed, and this will be implemented in the large scale cold flow fluidization facility in DICP. This facility includes a turbulent fluidized bed inner diameter of 1.

Some fundamental research has been performed to study the attrition of the DMTO catalyst. Essentially, the attrition mechanisms in different operation regimes inside the DMTO reactor were studied in the laboratory. Particularly, the focus is the attrition in the reaction conditions.

Our results showed that the attrition mechanism of the DMTO catalyst at room temperature is different from that at high temperature. A reactor modeling approach, including hydrodynamics and kinetics, , is being established to simulate the DMTO fluidized bed reactor. The results were compared with the experimental data, and the solid fraction profile along the axial direction show a good agreement. Via a collaboration with Prof.

The capacity of the unit is to produce 0. The reactor is a shallow turbulent fluidized bed with a diameter of 11 m and bed height of 3 m. Some engineering challenges such as solid—gas distribution, catalyst mixing, and gas breakthrough have to be solved in the design of this large shallow fluidized bed.

In August , the unit was successfully started up. A method to start up the unit by use of the heat released from DMTO reactor was proposed. Compared to FCC process, this method can significantly reduce the time for start up.

It is worthy to note that fundamental research on catalyst deactivation at low temperature see Section 3. Furthermore, circulation of catalyst should not start until a high reaction temperature and high methanol conversion is achieved. Temperature increase in commercial DMTO reactor during start up. Figure 21 is the methanol conversion and selectivity to light olefins for the commercial unit, which are measured by the online gas chromatography GC.

The selectivity is better than the results in pilot-scale and demo-scale units, which may be due to the good fluidization in commercial DMTO reactor. On the basis of the test data, the methanol consumption is 2. Up to now, this plant has produced more than 2. The results obtained from the demonstration unit are listed in Table 8. As can be seen, the selectivity to ethene and propene increased from This apparently improves the economic profits for DMTO process.

Table 8. More than 10 units will be commissioned in near future according to the plan. Supporting Information. Author Information. The conversion of MeOH [] and other O-compds. MeOH, Me2O [], or an equil. In the final steps of the reaction path, the C2-C5 olefins are converted to paraffins, aroms.

The final hydrocarbons are largely in the gasoline C4-C10 boiling range. The thermochem. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. American Chemical Society. A review of the development of methanol to olefins process, catalysts, and development issues. The process of converting methanol to hydrocarbons on the aluminosilicate zeolite HZSM-5 was originally developed as a route from natural gas to synthetic gasoline.

Using other microporous catalysts that are selective for light olefins, methanol-to-olefin MTO catalysis may soon become central to the conversion of natural gas to polyolefins. The mechanism of methanol conversion proved to be an intellectually challenging problem; 25 yr of fundamental study produced at least 20 distinct mechanisms, but most did not account for either the primary products or a kinetic induction period.

Recent exptl. These org. The rate of formation of the initial reaction centers, and hence the duration of the kinetic induction period, can be governed by impurity species. Secondary reactions of primary olefin products strongly reflect the topol. Reaction centers form continuously through some secondary pathways, and they age into polycyclic arom. It proves useful to consider each cage or channel with its included org.

This view allows one to identify structure-activity and structure selectivity relations and to modify the catalyst with degrees of freedom that are more reminiscent of homogeneous catalysis than heterogeneous catalysis. ACS Catal. Silicoaluminophosphates SAPO with different framework structures and amts. These studies were performed with unloaded samples for studying the type and no. The occluded org. On the basis of the characterization and catalytic results, we discuss the effects of Bronsted acid sites and framework structures on the performance of the SAPO catalysts in the MTO conversion.

The amt. On the other hand, the framework structures of the SAPO under study influence the diffusion of products and thus control the product selectivity of the MTO reaction. Patent 6,,, Jan. Google Scholar There is no corresponding record for this reference.

Patent 7,,, Sep. Patent 6,,, Aug. Vora, B. The development of an economic process for catalytic conversion of natural gas to ethylene and propylene is reported. Chen, John Q. Elsevier B. A review. A review on advancements related to the technol. The MTO technol. The technol. Olefins play a similar role in the prodn. In a post-oil society, fuel and olefin prodn.

The methanol-to-hydrocarbons MTH process is a key step in such routes, and can be tuned into prodn. This Review presents several com. MTH projects that have recently been realized, and also fundamental research into the synthesis of microporous materials for the targeted variation of selectivity and lifetime of the catalysts.

Solid State Mater. Current Chemistry. A review with 47 refs. The past year has seen remarkable advances both in methanol to olefin process development and in understanding the catalysts and reactions involved. The methanol to olefin process is now on the way to being commercialized locally with economic advantages in comparison with other natural gas utilization technologies and conventional naphtha cracking processes. Using a specially designed procedure, a catalyst for the selective synthesis of ethylene from methanol has been reliably reproduced.

The relationships between catalyst properties and reaction performances are clearer than ever before. Fuel Process. Elsevier Science B. Physics DICP is given. The first pilot plant test was on methanol to olefin MTO reaction and was finished in , which was based on ZSMtype catalyst and fixed bed reaction. In the meantime, a new indirect method designated as SDTO syngas via dimethylether to olefin was proposed. In this process, metal-acid bifunctional catalyst was applied for synthesis gas to dimethylether DME reaction, and modified SAPO catalyst that was synthesized by a new low-cost method with optimal crystal size was used to convert DME to light olefin on a fluidized bed reactor.

The pilot plant test on SDTO was performed and finished in Evaluation of the pilot plant data showed that g of DME were yielded by single-pass for each std. For the second reaction, 1. DICP also paid some attention on direct conversion of synthesis gas to light olefins. A semi-pilot plant test catalyst 1. An anal. Based on rate data obtained in an isothermal reaction system, the rate of higher-olefin formation via an autocatalytic route is 50 times faster than the rate of initial formation of C2H4 from MeOH-Me2O.

A linear relationship exists between the intrinsic acid activity of the zeolite catalyst and the activity for MeOH-to-hydrocarbon conversion. Catalytic dehydration of methanol. Rates of dehydration of MeOH to Me2O catalyzed within the straight tubular pores of H-mordenite crystallites were measured at atm. Effectiveness factor decreased from 0. The results establish the pseudo-first-order rate const.

Rates of catalyst activity loss were independent of crystallite size, indicating the absence of pore-mouth blocking by reaction products. Diffusion of MeOH appears to be hindered more by interactions with pore walls than by interference from counterdiffusing reaction products, although the sum of the crit. M ; Hunter, R. Pure Appl.

Acta Phys. Isotopic labeling studies of the reaction of ethene with methanol. The feed contained an equal no. The products were analyzed by GC-MS, allowing the detn. The ethanol was immediately converted to ethene, so the reaction system was equiv. While the methanol was completely or almost completely converted to hydrocarbons, the larger part of the ethene emerged unreacted. The products propene and butenes were mostly formed from methanol and contained a large excess of 13C atoms.

The ethene effluent consisted mainly of all 12C or all 13C atoms, and only to a small extent of 12CC mols. The reaction system was followed from an initially very active catalyst until the catalyst was sufficiently deactivated that C1 was not completely converted to hydrocarbons. The tendency for ethene to emerge unreacted and for all new hydrocarbons to be formed from methanol became more pronounced as catalyst deactivation progressed.

The higher hydrocarbons were not formed by successive methylations of ethene. A previously proposed carbon pool mechanism can explain the gross effects seen in the product and isotopic distribution. Isotopic labeling studies of the Co-reaction of propene and methanol. The feed was equimolar in 13C and 12C atoms. The products were analyzed by gas chromatog. While the methanol was completely or almost completely converted to hydrocarbons, the larger part of the propene emerged unreacted.

The products ethene and butenes were mostly formed from methanol and contained a large excess of 13C atoms. The propene effluent consisted mainly of allC or allC mols. The tendency for propene to emerge unreacted and all new hydrocarbons to be formed from methanol became more pronounced with progressing catalyst deactivation.

The results show that the higher hydrocarbon are, over this catalyst, not formed by successive methylations of bulk gas-phase propene. A previously proposed carbon pool mechanism can explain the gross effects seen in the product and isotopic distribution, but it is pointed out that the nonreactivity of propene in SAPO may be caused by slow diffusion of propene in the pores.

Marcel Dekker, Inc. A review with refs. Therefore, in the last 15 yr, NMR spectroscopy has found numerous applications for the detn. It allows the study of the role of hydroxyl groups in the formation of adsorbate complexes and in heterogeneously catalyzed reactions. Meanwhile, NMR spectroscopy belongs to the most powerful techniques for the characterization of Bronsted acid sites in zeolites and related materials.

The basis of this success is the invention of new sample prepn. This article gives a review of these techniques and a summary of the most important applications of multinuclear solid-state NMR spectroscopy for the characterization of Bronsted acid sites in dehydrated zeolites. A review of mechanistic investigations of the methanol-to-olefin MTO process by in situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy, mainly performed under continuous-flow and stopped-flow conditions.

During methanol conversion on the silicoaluminophosphate H-SAPO under continuous-flow conditions, a hydrocarbon-pool consisting of a mixt. The hydrocarbon-pool mechanism was verified as the dominating route in the MTO process under steady-state conditions.

The reactivity of surface methoxy groups in the MTO process were evidenced by the reaction with different probe mols. Patent 6,,, Jun. Methanol-to-olefin MTO conversion on microporous silico-aluminophosphates is particularly well-suited for the application of mol.

The active site of a typical MTO catalyst is a nm-size inorg. Opportunities for altering the selectivity of such catalysts include tailoring the org. The latter possibility has already been realized exptl. Haw, James F. In situ 13C NMR measurements on samples prepd. Cation 1 forms in less than 0. The kinetic induction period returns when the interval between pulses is many times the half-life of 1 in the catalyst bed.

To understand how org. We found that the diene formed by deprotonation of 1 is far more easily methylated than ethylene, propene, or toluene. The aggregate exptl. Neither the methylphenylcarbenium ion nor the dimethylphenylcarbenium ion were obsd. However, styrene reacted on zeolite HY to form an appreciable yield of the 3-methylphenylindanyl cation, and this cation was stable up to ca.

The mechanism by which this cation formed was apparently hydride transfer from neutral 1-methylphenylindan to transient i. Me transfer vs. Styrene dimers cracked on HZSM-5 at ca. Further heating converted this cation into naphthalene, the ultimate product of dimerization, cracking, skeletal isomerization, and dehydrogenation.

The yields of both methylindanyl cations on zeolite HY were very low or negligible. The above results are introduced and discussed in the context of our recently proposed reclassification of typical zeolites as strong acids rather than superacids. We also show that the observation of indanyl cations but not simple phenylcarbenium ions as persistent species in high concn.

The principal components of the 13C chem. Over zeolite H-ZSM-5, the aroms. Isotopic-labeling exptl. More importantly, three types of cyclopentenyl cations 1,3-dimethylcyclopentenyl, 1,2,3-trimethylcyclopentenyl, and 1,3,4-trimethylcyclopentenyl cations and a pentamethylbenzenium ion were for the first time identified by solid-state NMR spectroscopy and DFT calcns.

The comparable reactivity of the MBs from xylene to tetramethylbenzene and the carbocations trimethylcyclopentenyl and pentamethylbenzium ions in the MTO reaction was revealed by 13C-labeling expts. The paring route in a full aroms. DFT calcns. A: Chem. The deactivation of acid zeolite catalysts is essentially due to the formation and trapping of heavy secondary products coke within the pores channels and cages. As in these nanosized pores the growth of these products is sterically limited, the coke compn.

Moreover, coupling activity, acidity and adsorption data with coke compn. Based on the influence on coking and deactivation rates of the features of reactions and zeolite catalysts, general rules are proposed for limiting the rate of formation of coke mols. Dissertation, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics , Hydrothermal treatment at high temp. Co-feeding of ethene and methanol over the said catalyst resulted in considerable conversion of both reactants.

Meanwhile, high propene selectivity ca. The methylation of ethene by methanol was responsible for the enhancement of conversions and propene selectivity in the co-reaction system. The further methylation of propene and the cracking of higher olefins were also operative under current reaction conditions. Conversion of methanol to olefins MTO was comparatively studied over three zeolites with different topologies, i. The correlation between reaction mechanism and the zeolite topol.

SAPO presented the highest selectivity for light olefins such as ethene and propene, and no aroms. H-ZSM-5 showed relatively high selectivity for ethene and propene, and large amt. Over H-ZSM, the selectivity for ethene is very low and a large amt. The reaction mechanisms, which varied with the zeolite topologies, caused the differences in catalytic performances. The co-reaction of 13C-methanol with 12C-olefin or 12C-arom.

Methanol conversion over SAPO mol. The org. Further evidences from the mass spectra and 13C solid-state NMR spectra in the isotopic switch expts. Three kinds of 8-membered ring silicoaluminophosphate SAPO mol. Coke species formation greatly depended on reaction temp. The differences in prodn. Royal Society of Chemistry. The Bronsted acid site d. Methanol conversion over the catalysts showed that the catalytic activity of the catalysts was strongly influenced by their Bronsted acid site d.

Furthermore, anal. Patent 4,,, Apr. Lyle, P. The present work addresses the influence of acid strength on the stability and product selectivity of microporous catalysts with CHA framework type. The difference in acid strength was detd. It was obsd.

The activation and deactivation patterns and the intermediates formed are very similar for the two materials. The ethene to propene ratio increases with temp. In this work, we demonstrate a facile one-step hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchically macroporous SAPO through the etching effect of hydrofluoric acid. The highly cryst. The formation of macroporous structures via in situ growth-etching can be directly imaged by SEM. Strikingly, a particular crystal configuration consisting of eight pyramidal parts has been first obsd.

The HF etching effect is further elucidated by the anal. The texture properties, chem. The hierarchically macroporous SAPO shows larger micropore vol. Consequently, the hierarchically macroporous SAPO exhibits excellent MTO catalytic performance, showing much higher selectivity to ethylene and propylene as well as longer lifetime than the conventional counterpart. In comparison with previously reported methods for the generation of hierarchical porosity, this one-step HF-assisted in situ growth-etching synthetic route is simple, straightforward and cost-effective, which offers a new approach to prep.

Crystals of SAPO mol. The crystal size of SAPO could be controlled between 1. The smaller SAPO crystals showed a longer catalyst lifetime in the methanol-to-olefins reactions. CN Patent C, Dec. CN Patent C, Jan. CN Patent C, Feb. MeAPSO mol. The results illustrated that the incorporation of metal ions had great effects on structure and acidity of the mol. EP Patent 1,,, July 10, This has been made possible by applying a high-temp. In H-ZSM-5, coke is initially formed at the triangular crystal edges, in which straight channel openings reach directly the external crystal surface.

At reaction temps. Confocal fluorescence microscopy reveals fluorescent carbonaceous species that initially form in the near-surface area and gradually diffuse inwards the crystal in which internal intergrowth boundaries hinder a facile penetration for the more bulky arom.

This band grows in intensity with time and then decreases if the reaction is carried out between and K, whereas at higher temps. Formation of the fluorescent species during the course of the reaction is limited to the near-surface region of the H-SAPO crystals, thereby creating diffusion limitations for the coke front moving towards the middle of the crystal during the MTO reaction.

The two applied micro-spectroscopic techniques introduced allow us to distinguish between graphite-like coke deposited on the external crystal surface and arom. The use of the methods can be extended to a wide variety of catalytic reactions and materials in which carbonaceous deposits are formed. Aminothermal synthesis of SAPO mol. A solid yield of Detailed synthetic investigation shows that the silicon content in the initial gel has an important effect on the cryst.

In addn. The catalytic performance of the synthesized samples is tested by the methanol-to-olefin reaction and a high olefin selectivity of SAPO nanocrystals were synthesized by a dry gel conversion method using tetraethylammonium hydroxide as a structure-directing agent.

After 3 h, nm SAPO crystals with an amorphous phase were obsd. The crystal size increased to 70 nm after 6 h, but did not increase significantly thereafter. The av. The nucleation d. A , accepted Google Scholar There is no corresponding record for this reference. CN Patent C, Oct. CN Patent B, Sep. CN Patent B, Dec. Patent 6,,, Dec. Powder Technol. The Fraass breaking point is the temperature at which the first crack appears in the coating of a thin, flat steel plaque, flexed under descending temperatures.

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The MCR rheometer series is the result of continuous development and based on decades of experience in rheology and rheometry. The combination of innovative and thousandfold field-proven technology with the robust design represents the benchmark in its class. Anton Paar rheometers are built for everyday use in the lab and are the key to all possible kinds of rheological investigations and material characterization.

The application field of the renowned MCR series ranges from quality control to Benefit from a unique solution for your individual Download the free app to track the fermentation from your smartphone and easily assess the time for bottling. TPO selectively measures the total amount of oxygen in beverages, made up of headspace oxygen and dissolved oxygen, directly out of cans, glass bottles, and PET bottles.

This is relevant for quality control on finished beer or soft drinks. Cora is a small Raman analyzer which fits in your hand. It is ideal for point-and-shoot measurements to identify substances at the touch of a button. You can simply identify unknown samples such as hazardous materials, narcotics, explosives, and chemical warfare agents or verify incoming goods without being a trained chemist. The easy-to-use software and accessories enable you to assess the risks involved with substances in order to make life-saving decisions on the spot or in hot-zone The easy-to-use touchscreen supports fast navigation with unparalleled simplicity, and the multiple measurement capabilities and customized methods provided by MCP make both routine and more complex measurements extremely easy.

The powerful Peltier temperature The Polarimeter Teaching Model is a tool which illustrates the principles of polarimetry and demonstrates the measurement of optical rotation. It allows first hands-on experience of polarimetry and enables the learnt theory to be applied and deepened in an illustrative and practically relevant way. The same measuring principle is used in modern digital polarimeters.

The Polarimeter Teaching Model can be used to demonstrate measurement on, for example, a simple solution of household sugar. Using the Refractometer Teaching Model it is easy to explain the measurement of the refractive index of liquids via the critical angle of total reflection. The same measuring principle is used in modern digital refractometers.

Both refraction and also partial and total reflection can be observed. With the teaching model the differences in the refractive index of different liquids can be determined in an illustrative and practically relevant way. Water and solutions of household sugar are The Abbemat MW digital refractometer enables quick and fully automatic measurements of the refractive index at different measuring wavelengths, e.

For these measurements Abbemat MW can be equipped with up to 8 different wavelengths in the range of nm to nm. This makes the Abbemat MW digital refractometer a versatile instrument for investigations into liquids, polymer bonds and glasses. All instruments of the Performance and Performance Plus lines provide full compliance with 21 CFR Part 11, including user levels, audit trail, and forgery-proof data export.

The Abbemat T-Check feature precisely calibrates and adjusts the surface temperature of the measuring prism of all Anton Paar refractometers. They are factory-calibrated with official standards from the Besides alcohol and extract content it determines related parameters, such as calories or degree of fermentation, at any time.

You can swiftly react to all undesired deviations as soon as they Only 5 mL of sample is required, making it ideal for testing costly antioxidants. Primux micro is a new high-performance microfocus sealed-tube X-ray source from Anton Paar which offers premium X-ray beam brilliance at low power.

Its clever design ensures high-position stability of the X-ray beam, maximum user safety, and straightforward integration into any advanced X-ray equipment. The Primux micro X-ray source combines a new generation X-ray tube with a superior high-voltage generator, thus providing a highly brilliant X-ray beam in a power range of up to 50 Watt. At nm MCP can measure strongly colored filtrates which cannot be measured in the visible range.

Over 30 years of experience and highest quality in development, production and customer support has made Anton Paar saccharimeters the standard in sugar The MCP Sucromat saccharimeter uses state-of-the-art technology to ensure high measuring accuracy.

Its data management system is easy to use. The combination of quality and close cooperation with customers have made Anton Paar sugar polarimeters the standard in sugar analysis. The unique wide load range of this instrument allows the determination of adhesion, scratch resistance, hardness, elastic modulus, friction, and wear for a wide range of samples.

It performs single-point or multipoint determination of surface areas quickly and quietly on up to three samples simultaneously and independently. No vacuum pumps are required, reducing setup and maintenance costs while also eliminating time-consuming pump downtime and void volume measurements.

The control module features a touchscreen and houses three Reliable Brix measurements even with fruit pulp or other particles in your beverage. The vertical setup of the Abbemat Juice Station refractometer avoids sedimentation of particles, e. The attached filling funnel allows fast and easy serial analyses, e. The next sample flushes out the previous one, so that you do not need to clean the measuring prism between samples. An internal temperature control assures the correct The unique design of the nano-scratch measurement head includes two sensors for force and depth measurements associated with a state-of-the-art piezoelectric actuator.

These unique features provide a fast response This instrument allows a significant contact area to be investigated while maintaining measurement accuracy at very low force and displacement ranges. The automatic grease working machine GWM 5 simplifies the exhausting grease working procedure necessary for preparing greases and other semi-solid materials for shear stability tests. The comparison between penetration and other rheological test values of fresh unworked and worked samples indicates the shear stability of the material.

The grease working machine GWM 5 is suitable for either single or double worker operation. The ring-and-ball softening point tester automatically determines the temperature at which a substance attains a particular degree of softness.

It is used for samples without sharply defined melting points, which become softer and less viscous as the temperature rises. The RKA 5 with its different ball-centering and dispensing devices is used for bitumen. PNR 12 automatically measures the resistance a material provides to being pierced by a specifically shaped test body.

The harder the test material, the more pointed and needle-like the test body should be. The penetrometer is used for consistency and plasticity determination of pasty, creamy, semi-solid or highly viscous samples.

The DH 5 is a Herschel emulsifier that serves to measure the ability of petroleum oils or synthetic fluids to separate from water. It ensures outstanding homogeneity of the cooling jacket, which is the most critical and decisive parameter for a correct CFPP value determination. PMA 5 is suitable for flammability applications on both biodiesel and biodiesel-blended fuels along with distillate fuels like diesel, heating oil, and kerosene.

It is also commonly used for other potentially flammable liquids. The semi-automatic OBA 1 is used to determine the oxidation stability induction period and the tendency to form gum potential residue under accelerated oxidation conditions. OBA 1 is suitable for oxidation stability applications of gasoline and aviation fuel. Porometer 3G instruments deliver accurate and repeatable through-pore size measurements within 30 minutes for any sample.

Their simplified operation and general measurement speed make these capillary flow porometers the clear choice for through-pore size distribution measurements of filtration media. Exchange all your capillaries for one single unit and save enormous amounts of time and money: the SVM viscometers provide the highest flexibility by covering the entire viscosity, density, and temperature range with a single measurement cell and deliver results in seconds.

With SVM you can certify jet fuel, diesel, biodiesel blends, and marine fuels; classify crude oils and determine the VI of your lubricant. Whatever challenge you face, the SVM viscometer is the best solution on the market. The automatic Cleveland Open-Cup COC measures and describes the properties of a sample in response to heat and a test flame under controlled conditions.

The flash point measures the tendency to form a flammable mixture with air while the fire point indicates the tendency of sustained burning. CLA 5 is suitable for flash and fire point applications of lubricants or bituminous material. Gum content is the residue of aircraft fuels, motor gasoline and other volatile distillates which cannot be evaporated.

Fuel samples of 50 mL are evaporated under controlled conditions of temperature and the flow of air or steam. The iSorbHP gas sorption analyzers are perfect for evaluating materials in gas storage, gas separation, or emission control applications. With high-precision transducers, precise manifold temperature control, and a built-in library of advanced equations of state, the iSorb HP series gives you access to high-quality gas adsorption and kinetic data to a maximum of either bar or bar absolute.

Optional temperature control accessories allow measurements over a temperature range of 75 K to The PoreMaster series of mercury intrusion porosimeters minimizes the possibility of exposure to both liquid mercury and mercury vapor, ensuring maximum safety for operators. The numerous automated and ergonomically considered features provide you with a simple operation experience while determining the size distribution and volume of the macropores in your materials. Four distinct models are available to fit your specific measurement requirements.

Monowave is a modern microwave reactor specially designed for microwave-assisted extractions in analytical laboratories. Its position autosampler MAS24 for 30 mL Wide-Neck vials provides unattended reliable operation and increases the sample throughput.

The integrated camera allows watching on the touchscreen what is going on inside the vial any time. Cora is a Raman analyzer for the quick and reliable identification of substances based on their unique chemical fingerprint. Choose the Fiber model for flexible analysis outside the instrument via a probe or the Direct model which analyzes samples in a closed compartment and has a laser Class 1 for the safest use. The guided analysis procedure means Cora is suitable for operation by personnel with minimum training.

The small footprint and battery option make these benchtop Raman Microwave irradiation nowadays is not only successfully employed for organic synthesis - inorganic synthesis, material science, polymer chemistry, and other disciplines can also be performed successfully. The automatic Tag closed-cup tester measures the flash point, the lowest temperature at which the vapors of a sample ignite upon the application of an ignition source.

TAG 4 is suitable for flash point applications of jet fuels, solvents, chemicals, etc. Typical samples to be characterized include petrochemical products, aromatic hydrocarbons as well as other volatile organic liquids. The combination of premium technology and distinguished features leads to unrivaled ease of use, high efficiency, and safe operation. The automatic Abel closed-cup tester measures the flash point, the lowest temperature at which the vapors of a sample ignite upon the application of an ignition source.

ABA 4 is suitable for flash point applications of jet fuels, solvents, chemicals, etc. It is the first-class solution for automatic high-precision flash point testing in the petroleum, chemical, and fragrance industries, and for test laboratories.

The device ensures maximum safety and provides high sample throughput. Automated measurements, excellent heating control, and unmatched ease of use are the basis for accurate flash point results with Ultrapyc gas pycnometers measure the true and skeletal density of solids to track their purity and porosity. Measurements take less than 10 minutes, so they are perfect to control the quality of your solid materials throughout the manufacturing process.

Ultrapycs combine decades of knowledge with groundbreaking innovations to be the most user-friendly gas pycnometers anywhere. For battery materials, pharmaceuticals, building materials, or any solid materials, true density measurement has never Customized rheometry with the performance of an MCR rheometer — the rheometer measuring head can be used for automation or for special measuring purposes that exceed the limits of a laboratory rheometer. It is the perfect solution for process integration or building a customized rheometer system.

The modular device consists of a measuring head, which is equipped with the well-known EC-motor and air bearing technology of the MCR series, and a separate control unit. The acid digestion rotor 16MF with 16 pressure vessels is designed for high sample throughput and efficient handling. The reaction temperature is controlled by means of two sensors: an immersing temperature probe optional inside a reference vessel and an IR sensor underneath the oven cavity, which measures each microwave digestion vessel through ports in the rotor base.

The acid digestion rotor 16HF with 16 high pressure vessels is designed for high sample throughput and efficient handling. The acid digestion rotor 8SXQ80 provides maximum microwave digestion performance - even for highly inhomogeneous and difficult samples. The system's unique technical properties ensure safe and economic operation.

The acid digestion rotor 8SXF provides maximum microwave digestion performance - even for highly inhomogeneous and difficult samples. The peristaltic pump provides automated filling of the sample cell and continuous monitoring of your laboratory batches with the Abbemat Performance Plus Line. For simultaneous measurement of pH and refractive index in one step you can add a pH sensor to the Abbemat Performance Plus Line refractometers. The pH sensor will be filled automatically in the same cycle as the Abbemat.

Packaged Beverage Analyzers determine the most crucial quality parameters in beverage production with unmatched performance. As a consequence, results are obtained up to 6 times quicker than with conventional methods. With a variety of additional measuring modules you can configure your system according to your exact requirements and do not miss any In addition, the amount of other dissolved gases is identified and their influence eliminated.

Combine a CarboQC ME module with a wide range of Anton Paar instruments to get the beverage analysis you need in one measuring cycle, with minimum sample preparation required. This teamwork brings quick and efficient results and saves space in the lab. The measuring module can only be used in the Anton With the Modulyzer multiparameter analysis system you can obtain up to seven parameters from one sample in only one measuring cycle.

Combined with Anton Paar sample changers you can even analyze up to 71 samples in a row, fully automatically. Add a turbidity meter, a pH or a viscosity module if needed. The measurement is performed with commercially available combined pH electrodes.

The PFD Filling Device transfers your sample directly from a closed container - either a bottle or can - into the measuring chamber of a measuring instrument. As the closure is sealed before piercing, no CO2 is lost during sample transfer.

Alcolyzer analyzing systems provide the most crucial quality parameters for beer, wine, spirits, and liqueurs. Thanks to the high degree of automation and superior operator support by built-in guided adjustment and measurement routines alcohol and extract determination is easier than ever before.

With a variety of additional measuring modules you can configure your system according to your exact requirements and do not miss any required parameter. The Craft2Craft package guarantees precise fermentation control, correct alcohol labels, high shelf life stability, and the great, consistent taste of your products.

The DMA 35 portable density meter determines the extract content in beer wort and can also be used to closely monitor the fermentation process. A solution for the measurement of turbidity in liquids, the HazeQC ME turbidity measuring module, is provided by Anton Paar as part of a modular measuring system. This turbidity The SFD Sparkling Wine Filling Device transfers sparkling wine or wine directly from a closed bottle into the measuring chamber of a measuring instrument.

The SFD Filling Device is equipped with a drilling device that penetrates traditional corks and most plastic corks. The measuring module can only be used in the Anton Paar Generation M The instrument bundle includes the Snap 51 portable alcohol meter as well as the Alex alcohol and extract meter. The Snap 51 portable alcohol meter determines the alcohol content of distillates in only 30 seconds. The instrument simplifies the whole distillation and watering down procedure of your products as samples of all strengths are measured with one and the Powerful modularity allows you to set up your own specific measuring solution.

You benefit from easy operation, The Flex-Blend series is a modular inline blending, carbonating, and dosing solution which comprises autonomous skid-mounted process modules. Based on your requirements these modules can be integrated into every production line.

The modular structure results in a very compact design and small footprint. It is the first commercial sample stage specifically designed for in-situ XRD investigations of structural changes in materials under mechanical load. Because of its compactness and low weight, the instrument can be used on synchotrons as well as on laboratory X-ray diffractometers. It is a unique tool for in-situ X-ray diffraction investigations - unmatched in robustness and performance. The PC-controllable Alignment Stage is a motorized z-alignment stage for all Anton Paar non-ambient attachments for powder X-ray diffraction.

It can either be fully integrated in the diffractometer control software or operated with a separate program from Anton Paar. This program includes automatic compensation of the sample holder expansion, which means you can run fully automated temperature profiles without sample displacement. DHS is small and lightweight and can be mounted on almost all common four-circle goniometers and many XYZ stages. Under its innovative graphite dome, samples can be measured in vacuum, air and various other gases.

DHS is an excellent sample stage for in-situ high-temperature studies of phase transformations, texture, Investigations into pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, clays or zeolites can be carried out in humid gas, air, inert gas or vacuum.

Due to its versatility, the new combined CHC Benefits include high-temperature homogeneity and excellent temperature control combined with easy capillary handling. It takes only a few minutes for you to convert from the flat sample to the capillary setup, giving you the possibility to Their unique design is patented and offers all the features a benchtop diffraction application requires - compactness, reliability and ease of use!

Both instruments are extremely compact in design to fit into the restricted space of typical SAXSpoint 5. Many additional optional features make SAXSpoint 5. Enjoy easy It determines the size, size distribution, and shape of nano-sized particles and sample domains and is especially suited for analyzing isotropic, colloidal, and biological samples BioSAXS. Rotor 1DRY is the ideal accessory for efficient handling of samples prior to digestion. The exhaust unit integrated in the Multiwave reaction- and digestion systems removes humidity and unwanted odors.

Extractions of PCBs, PAHs, and hydrocarbons from environmental and food samples deliver perfect results within 15 to 30 minutes, as do derivatization reactions This rotor type is especially useful for the digestion of a wide range of environmental and agricultural samples water, effluents, soil, sludge, plants, animal feed, etc.

Food samples vegetables, beverages, seafood, meat, etc. Extractions of PCBs, PAHs, and hydrocarbons from environmental and food samples as well as derivatization reactions prior to analysis or polymer extractions Sucrolyser is a powerful sugar analysis system for sugar factories. It is used in the quality control of sugar cane as a part of payment analysis or as an extended laboratory system for multiple methods of sample preparation and chemical factory control.

Independent of the clarifying agent, all kinds of samples can be checked on their sugar content. The polarimetrically determined sugar content alone is not sufficient for the calculation of the expected sugar yield, as molasses-forming beet ingredients like potassium, sodium, and a-amino nitrogen have to be considered. The Betalyser system is the ideal tool for analyzing clarified extracted sugar beet brei filtrates on sugar content and the molasses-forming The sample is directly heated with a heating filament.

The instruments are made of high-quality materials which guarantee a long working life. Different sample holders allow investigating samples in reflection and transmission geometry. Samples can be measured in vacuum, air or inert gases. An antechamber option allows safe transfer of air-sensitive samples into the TTK The TTK fits to all common powder diffractometers and is the instrument of choice for X-ray structure analysis of various sample types at Its environmental heater guarantees excellent uniformity of the sample temperature.

Use the HTK N for different types of in-situ X-ray investigations, including studies of phase transformations, structure determination, and studies of chemical reactions. The result: the easiest to use vessel on the market. Rotor 41HVT56 comes with 41 vessels with 56 mL nominal volume and automated internal temperature control of each vessel. Various kinds of samples including biological, environmental, agricultural, cosmetic, and Rotor 24HVT80 for Multiwave includes 24 vessels with a volume of 80 mL and is the perfect solution for the digestion of environmental, agricultural, and food samples with a sample volume up to 55 mL.

Get full reaction control without the need for any additional sensors: pressure control via SmartVent technology and the internal temperature of each vessel via contactless IR sensor allow for full reaction control and complete digestions even for higher sample weights.

Thanks to the This starch pasting cell turns your MCR rheometer into a platform for the analysis of starch pasting and gelatinization behavior at elevated pressure and temperature conditions. The high heating and cooling rates required for starch pasting measurements are achieved by combining electrical heating with fluid-circulator-supported cooling.

The Starch Cell can also be used to simulate other real food manufacturing process conditions, such as food sterilization, based on tailor-made test programs. It is easy to operate, with self-explanatory menus. Either English or German can be chosen as the language. HTR compact is the ideal choice for first-level rheology automation and offers high-throughput operation with 36 samples in two trays and 18 cups each.

Add vials during operation with the sample drawer, while the rheometer and sample stage operate in parallel. The Modular Sample Processor carries out automatic dosing, blending, subsampling, and transferring of liquids prior to analysis. It is available as a stand-alone benchtop unit or can optionally be integrated into complete automated workflows. With individual adaptations the Modular Sample Processor perfectly carries out all your liquid handling.

The HTX floor-standing automation platform can integrate up to ten different analytical instruments such as viscometers, density meters, or refractometers for concurrent multiparameter analysis. Its modular concept allows fully customized workflows for sample conditioning, preparation, and measurement. It enables measurement of particles suspended in aqueous as well as in organic solvents.

Probemaster is a game changer in the world of atomic force microscopy. With this cantilever exchange tool the complicated handling of cantilevers is a thing of the past. Just place the cantilever anywhere in the marked area and easily slide it into the actuator body. Rheometers from Anton Paar open up a constantly growing number of measurement opportunities.

Designed for intuitive use, RheoCompass enables application-oriented template filtering, customized test definitions, simplified data retrieval, data analysis, and much more. The user interface is based on a one-page workflow, where input parameters, live signal, and results are all displayed on a single page. You can set up measurement series in a few seconds and create the analyses and reports you need at the touch of a button.

DMA M density meters. Only the highest quality is good enough for your customers? Save time and costs with a system right at your production AP Connect is the essential element for efficient lab execution and your key to digital data flow from your lab instruments to your data management system.

Working with AP Connect significantly reduces the time you spend on data handling and ensures the highest data quality. It stores all data in a centralized database, provides your LIMS lab information and management system with customized data, and offers great usability for a streamlined laboratory environment.

Use AP Connect to Davis 5 continuously records all sensor-specific and product-specific data which are determined by the mPDS 5 evaluation unit. The modern interface design of the software makes it intuitive and extremely easy to use.

The program is free of charge and public domain. The L-Vis inline viscometry solution combines unique inline process technology with the know-how of the world leader in lab rheology. Applying the lowest shear rates allows for best-in-class correlation of results with your lab instruments. The L-Vis sensors stand for reliable inline measurement, especially for samples with shear-dependent behavior — such as sanitary ceramic, shampoos, viscose, and dough — resulting in higher product quality and reducing the time required for analysis in the Fermentation Monitor continuously monitors the alcoholic fermentation during the production of beer, wine, or spirits via refractive index measurement directly in the tank.

The reduction in the concentration of sugars due to yeast metabolism and at the same time the increasing concentration of alcohols have opposing but predictable influences on the refractive index and can be used to determine the fermentation parameters.

Decades of practical experience have resulted in the development of several powerful systems for the measurement of cold and hot wort, and beer. Depending on the application, the optimal sensing technology can be selected for the best possible outcome. The Brix Monitor enables highly accurate inline sugar concentration measurements.

Maintenance-free operation and direct installation in the line with integrated HMI result in cost-optimized monitoring and control. Determine the alcohol content of binary mixtures for various beverages using density, sound velocity, or refractive index. Choose the most appropriate configuration depending on your integration and legal requirements. The oxygen content is a crucial parameter for the taste and shelf life of beverages.

The Oxy inline oxygen sensor measures dissolved oxygen DO in real-time directly at the production line. It provides accurate, drift-free measurements throughout the entire production process. Oxy can easily be combined with additional process sensors from Anton Paar to meet all future production and quality control requirements. The new sensors offer two types of sensing elements: a fork-type L-Sonic and a tube-type L-Sonic

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Ultrapyc gas pycnometers measure the true and skeletal density of solids to track their purity and porosity. Measurements take less than 10 minutes, so they are perfect to control the quality of your solid materials throughout the manufacturing process. Ultrapycs combine decades of knowledge with groundbreaking innovations to be the most user-friendly gas pycnometers anywhere.

For battery materials, pharmaceuticals, building materials, or any solid materials, true density measurement has never Customized rheometry with the performance of an MCR rheometer — the rheometer measuring head can be used for automation or for special measuring purposes that exceed the limits of a laboratory rheometer. It is the perfect solution for process integration or building a customized rheometer system. The modular device consists of a measuring head, which is equipped with the well-known EC-motor and air bearing technology of the MCR series, and a separate control unit.

The acid digestion rotor 16MF with 16 pressure vessels is designed for high sample throughput and efficient handling. The reaction temperature is controlled by means of two sensors: an immersing temperature probe optional inside a reference vessel and an IR sensor underneath the oven cavity, which measures each microwave digestion vessel through ports in the rotor base.

The acid digestion rotor 16HF with 16 high pressure vessels is designed for high sample throughput and efficient handling. The acid digestion rotor 8SXQ80 provides maximum microwave digestion performance - even for highly inhomogeneous and difficult samples. The system's unique technical properties ensure safe and economic operation. The acid digestion rotor 8SXF provides maximum microwave digestion performance - even for highly inhomogeneous and difficult samples. The peristaltic pump provides automated filling of the sample cell and continuous monitoring of your laboratory batches with the Abbemat Performance Plus Line.

For simultaneous measurement of pH and refractive index in one step you can add a pH sensor to the Abbemat Performance Plus Line refractometers. The pH sensor will be filled automatically in the same cycle as the Abbemat.

Packaged Beverage Analyzers determine the most crucial quality parameters in beverage production with unmatched performance. As a consequence, results are obtained up to 6 times quicker than with conventional methods. With a variety of additional measuring modules you can configure your system according to your exact requirements and do not miss any In addition, the amount of other dissolved gases is identified and their influence eliminated.

Combine a CarboQC ME module with a wide range of Anton Paar instruments to get the beverage analysis you need in one measuring cycle, with minimum sample preparation required. This teamwork brings quick and efficient results and saves space in the lab. The measuring module can only be used in the Anton With the Modulyzer multiparameter analysis system you can obtain up to seven parameters from one sample in only one measuring cycle.

Combined with Anton Paar sample changers you can even analyze up to 71 samples in a row, fully automatically. Add a turbidity meter, a pH or a viscosity module if needed. The measurement is performed with commercially available combined pH electrodes. The PFD Filling Device transfers your sample directly from a closed container - either a bottle or can - into the measuring chamber of a measuring instrument. As the closure is sealed before piercing, no CO2 is lost during sample transfer.

Alcolyzer analyzing systems provide the most crucial quality parameters for beer, wine, spirits, and liqueurs. Thanks to the high degree of automation and superior operator support by built-in guided adjustment and measurement routines alcohol and extract determination is easier than ever before. With a variety of additional measuring modules you can configure your system according to your exact requirements and do not miss any required parameter. The Craft2Craft package guarantees precise fermentation control, correct alcohol labels, high shelf life stability, and the great, consistent taste of your products.

The DMA 35 portable density meter determines the extract content in beer wort and can also be used to closely monitor the fermentation process. A solution for the measurement of turbidity in liquids, the HazeQC ME turbidity measuring module, is provided by Anton Paar as part of a modular measuring system.

This turbidity The SFD Sparkling Wine Filling Device transfers sparkling wine or wine directly from a closed bottle into the measuring chamber of a measuring instrument. The SFD Filling Device is equipped with a drilling device that penetrates traditional corks and most plastic corks. The measuring module can only be used in the Anton Paar Generation M The instrument bundle includes the Snap 51 portable alcohol meter as well as the Alex alcohol and extract meter. The Snap 51 portable alcohol meter determines the alcohol content of distillates in only 30 seconds.

The instrument simplifies the whole distillation and watering down procedure of your products as samples of all strengths are measured with one and the Powerful modularity allows you to set up your own specific measuring solution.

You benefit from easy operation, The Flex-Blend series is a modular inline blending, carbonating, and dosing solution which comprises autonomous skid-mounted process modules. Based on your requirements these modules can be integrated into every production line. The modular structure results in a very compact design and small footprint.

It is the first commercial sample stage specifically designed for in-situ XRD investigations of structural changes in materials under mechanical load. Because of its compactness and low weight, the instrument can be used on synchotrons as well as on laboratory X-ray diffractometers. It is a unique tool for in-situ X-ray diffraction investigations - unmatched in robustness and performance. The PC-controllable Alignment Stage is a motorized z-alignment stage for all Anton Paar non-ambient attachments for powder X-ray diffraction.

It can either be fully integrated in the diffractometer control software or operated with a separate program from Anton Paar. This program includes automatic compensation of the sample holder expansion, which means you can run fully automated temperature profiles without sample displacement. DHS is small and lightweight and can be mounted on almost all common four-circle goniometers and many XYZ stages. Under its innovative graphite dome, samples can be measured in vacuum, air and various other gases.

DHS is an excellent sample stage for in-situ high-temperature studies of phase transformations, texture, Investigations into pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, clays or zeolites can be carried out in humid gas, air, inert gas or vacuum. Due to its versatility, the new combined CHC Benefits include high-temperature homogeneity and excellent temperature control combined with easy capillary handling. It takes only a few minutes for you to convert from the flat sample to the capillary setup, giving you the possibility to Their unique design is patented and offers all the features a benchtop diffraction application requires - compactness, reliability and ease of use!

Both instruments are extremely compact in design to fit into the restricted space of typical SAXSpoint 5. Many additional optional features make SAXSpoint 5. Enjoy easy It determines the size, size distribution, and shape of nano-sized particles and sample domains and is especially suited for analyzing isotropic, colloidal, and biological samples BioSAXS. Rotor 1DRY is the ideal accessory for efficient handling of samples prior to digestion. The exhaust unit integrated in the Multiwave reaction- and digestion systems removes humidity and unwanted odors.

Extractions of PCBs, PAHs, and hydrocarbons from environmental and food samples deliver perfect results within 15 to 30 minutes, as do derivatization reactions This rotor type is especially useful for the digestion of a wide range of environmental and agricultural samples water, effluents, soil, sludge, plants, animal feed, etc.

Food samples vegetables, beverages, seafood, meat, etc. Extractions of PCBs, PAHs, and hydrocarbons from environmental and food samples as well as derivatization reactions prior to analysis or polymer extractions Sucrolyser is a powerful sugar analysis system for sugar factories.

It is used in the quality control of sugar cane as a part of payment analysis or as an extended laboratory system for multiple methods of sample preparation and chemical factory control. Independent of the clarifying agent, all kinds of samples can be checked on their sugar content. The polarimetrically determined sugar content alone is not sufficient for the calculation of the expected sugar yield, as molasses-forming beet ingredients like potassium, sodium, and a-amino nitrogen have to be considered.

The Betalyser system is the ideal tool for analyzing clarified extracted sugar beet brei filtrates on sugar content and the molasses-forming The sample is directly heated with a heating filament. The instruments are made of high-quality materials which guarantee a long working life. Different sample holders allow investigating samples in reflection and transmission geometry. Samples can be measured in vacuum, air or inert gases. An antechamber option allows safe transfer of air-sensitive samples into the TTK The TTK fits to all common powder diffractometers and is the instrument of choice for X-ray structure analysis of various sample types at Its environmental heater guarantees excellent uniformity of the sample temperature.

Use the HTK N for different types of in-situ X-ray investigations, including studies of phase transformations, structure determination, and studies of chemical reactions. The result: the easiest to use vessel on the market. Rotor 41HVT56 comes with 41 vessels with 56 mL nominal volume and automated internal temperature control of each vessel.

Various kinds of samples including biological, environmental, agricultural, cosmetic, and Rotor 24HVT80 for Multiwave includes 24 vessels with a volume of 80 mL and is the perfect solution for the digestion of environmental, agricultural, and food samples with a sample volume up to 55 mL. Get full reaction control without the need for any additional sensors: pressure control via SmartVent technology and the internal temperature of each vessel via contactless IR sensor allow for full reaction control and complete digestions even for higher sample weights.

Thanks to the This starch pasting cell turns your MCR rheometer into a platform for the analysis of starch pasting and gelatinization behavior at elevated pressure and temperature conditions. The high heating and cooling rates required for starch pasting measurements are achieved by combining electrical heating with fluid-circulator-supported cooling. The Starch Cell can also be used to simulate other real food manufacturing process conditions, such as food sterilization, based on tailor-made test programs.

It is easy to operate, with self-explanatory menus. Either English or German can be chosen as the language. HTR compact is the ideal choice for first-level rheology automation and offers high-throughput operation with 36 samples in two trays and 18 cups each. Add vials during operation with the sample drawer, while the rheometer and sample stage operate in parallel. The Modular Sample Processor carries out automatic dosing, blending, subsampling, and transferring of liquids prior to analysis.

It is available as a stand-alone benchtop unit or can optionally be integrated into complete automated workflows. With individual adaptations the Modular Sample Processor perfectly carries out all your liquid handling. The HTX floor-standing automation platform can integrate up to ten different analytical instruments such as viscometers, density meters, or refractometers for concurrent multiparameter analysis. Its modular concept allows fully customized workflows for sample conditioning, preparation, and measurement.

It enables measurement of particles suspended in aqueous as well as in organic solvents. Probemaster is a game changer in the world of atomic force microscopy. With this cantilever exchange tool the complicated handling of cantilevers is a thing of the past.

Just place the cantilever anywhere in the marked area and easily slide it into the actuator body. Rheometers from Anton Paar open up a constantly growing number of measurement opportunities. Designed for intuitive use, RheoCompass enables application-oriented template filtering, customized test definitions, simplified data retrieval, data analysis, and much more.

The user interface is based on a one-page workflow, where input parameters, live signal, and results are all displayed on a single page. You can set up measurement series in a few seconds and create the analyses and reports you need at the touch of a button. DMA M density meters. Only the highest quality is good enough for your customers? Save time and costs with a system right at your production AP Connect is the essential element for efficient lab execution and your key to digital data flow from your lab instruments to your data management system.

Working with AP Connect significantly reduces the time you spend on data handling and ensures the highest data quality. It stores all data in a centralized database, provides your LIMS lab information and management system with customized data, and offers great usability for a streamlined laboratory environment.

Use AP Connect to Davis 5 continuously records all sensor-specific and product-specific data which are determined by the mPDS 5 evaluation unit. The modern interface design of the software makes it intuitive and extremely easy to use. The program is free of charge and public domain. The L-Vis inline viscometry solution combines unique inline process technology with the know-how of the world leader in lab rheology.

Applying the lowest shear rates allows for best-in-class correlation of results with your lab instruments. The L-Vis sensors stand for reliable inline measurement, especially for samples with shear-dependent behavior — such as sanitary ceramic, shampoos, viscose, and dough — resulting in higher product quality and reducing the time required for analysis in the Fermentation Monitor continuously monitors the alcoholic fermentation during the production of beer, wine, or spirits via refractive index measurement directly in the tank.

The reduction in the concentration of sugars due to yeast metabolism and at the same time the increasing concentration of alcohols have opposing but predictable influences on the refractive index and can be used to determine the fermentation parameters. Decades of practical experience have resulted in the development of several powerful systems for the measurement of cold and hot wort, and beer.

Depending on the application, the optimal sensing technology can be selected for the best possible outcome. The Brix Monitor enables highly accurate inline sugar concentration measurements. Maintenance-free operation and direct installation in the line with integrated HMI result in cost-optimized monitoring and control. Determine the alcohol content of binary mixtures for various beverages using density, sound velocity, or refractive index.

Choose the most appropriate configuration depending on your integration and legal requirements. The oxygen content is a crucial parameter for the taste and shelf life of beverages. The Oxy inline oxygen sensor measures dissolved oxygen DO in real-time directly at the production line. It provides accurate, drift-free measurements throughout the entire production process. Oxy can easily be combined with additional process sensors from Anton Paar to meet all future production and quality control requirements.

The new sensors offer two types of sensing elements: a fork-type L-Sonic and a tube-type L-Sonic They are ready for various applications, such as inline concentration measurements, interface detection, or product identification. The sensors continuously monitor the product quality of liquids during production.

The concentration is directly calculated and can be Our fifty years of experience in the beverage industry led to Animo , a complete multiparameter measuring system including the Davis 5 analysis software which performs perfect quality monitoring in the filling line.

Animo comes in either a modular framework construction skid that can easily be tailored to your actual production line or as a pipe assembly which is directly integrated into the production line. By providing services such as project engineering, system design, The ability to accurately monitor wine quality is an important part of the modern winemaking process. Check the sparkle of your standard or low-calorie champagne, sparkling wine, prosecco, spumante, or cava.

Optionally color and oxygen can be determined as Inline beer monitoring is essential in a modern brewing process in order to increase the reliability and efficiency of the process. Being pre-adjusted in the factory, they do not require time-consuming, product-specific on-site adjustments and commissioning procedures. They use digital signal processing and new The ball-on-three-plates setup is a well-established method for measuring both lubricated as well as dry tribological systems.

Different measuring geometries plates, cylinders are available for adaptation to specific sample needs. To investigate lubricant performance in a bearing or to characterize the bearing itself, the In this accessory, the spring stiffness in z-direction is adjustable.

Further, an optimization of the self-aligning mechanisms broadens the range of the applicable normal forces. The normal force range acting on the specimens is expanded down to 0. Also as a new feature, the spring stiffness in z-direction is adjustable. Xsample is a heated single sample changer for the automated filling of highly viscous or even solid samples at room temperature.

Operators do not have to handle hot syringes to fill the sample into the measuring instrument. Automated cleaning and drying guarantee the best user experience. Rheo-microscopy is an established technology for visualizing the inner structures of samples while applying shear and deformation forces. In this way, breakage of agglomerates, alignment, With this setup UV-sensitive inks, glues, or coatings are irradiated by a UV light source simultaneous to the rheological characterization of the material.

The Building Material Cell enables measurements of suspensions and paste-like substances with a particle size up to 5 mm, such as slurries, building materials and food. The exchangeable inset cage and a special stirrer prevent sample slippage. This change in rheological properties e. This setup enables the application of a controlled magnetic field with a flux density of more than 1 Tesla.

As the viscoelastic properties of the adsorbed interfacial layer correlate with emulsions and foam stability, interfacial rheology is essential in the development of foams and emulsions. In contrast, bulk rheology is the study of flow in three-dimensional fluids. The measurement, performed with the typical unmatched accuracy of the MCR It is designed to investigate the immobilization kinetics, water retention, and drying of paper coatings, paints, slurries, or other suspensions.

The conditions of the production process are simulated by varying temperature, gap width, shear stress, and pressure difference vacuum directly in the rheometer. A vacuum generated by a pump forces the liquid phase of the sample to penetrate into the base paper so Use the Humidity Option to control temperature and relative humidity during material characterization with your MCR rheometer. Combined with the convection temperature device CTD Humidity Ready you can cover all applications in which temperature and relative humidity influence the rheological and dynamic mechanical properties of the material of interest.

This setup can be used with a broad range of different measuring systems and even in configurations with 2 EC drives or a lower Accurate rheological characterization of suspensions with large particles is a challenge. Standard measuring geometries like cone-plate, parallel-plate, or concentric cylinders are only suitable for materials with no or very small particles and granulates.

A newly developed latching mechanism further simplifies the cleaning procedure. The Hot Filling Attachment keeps samples with a high melting point and high pour point above their melting temperature and therefore in a liquid state during tests. It serves for manual filling of pre-heated samples which are solid or highly viscous at room temperature.

Such samples are: Waxes, wax distillates Residual fuel oil, bunker fuel oilResidual oil, vacuum residueHeavy crude oilBitumen, tar. In order to cover countless different applications and requirements, different temperature accessories and measurement geometries are available for RheolabQC.

The Peltier system features high heating and cooling rates and excellent temperature accuracy and does not require liquid counter-cooling. Gap size accuracy is one of the main influencing factors when it comes to rheological measurements. Whenever a sample is heated or cooled, the gap changes due to thermal expansion or shrinkage.

You save an enormous amount of space and time in your laboratory as PTD controls sample temperature without needing a liquid circulating bath. The temperature and mechanical behavior of solids is investigated with a variety of available fixtures such as solid rectangular or circular fixtures SRF, SCF. The oscillatory signal is measured by the EC drive while the lift drive of the rheometer is used to set a pretension and compensate the thermal expansion.

The systems allow extensional measurements on filled and unfilled polymers, melts, adhesives, and food systems over a large temperature and deformation range. Extensional measurements provide information about molecular structure, branching, temperature stability, shrinkage, relaxations, and To simplify the order of frequently required consumables and spare parts, several consumable sets are available that match the different configurations.

The consumable set for Rotor 16 comprises 16 each of required sealing items for the screw caps lip type seal, rupture disk, venting screw. On the other hand, the consumable sets of Rotor 8 NXF or NXQ configuration beside the mentioned sealing items also contain seal holders, safety disk holders, and syringe connectors 8 each. In addition, Wafer structures are becoming smaller and the density of the integrated components is growing continuously. In order to be able to analyze these sub-nanometer structures in a non-destructive way using atomic force microscopy you need to perform a surface inspection of the whole wafer.

Save time and perform off-the-shelf evaluations with the Flexible Cup Holder by directly testing materials in the sample container and avoid additional stress on the sample during sample preparation. With the Flexible Cup Holder for the MCR rheometer series and RheolabQC you can directly immerse a measuring cylinder or vane into a sample container, for example an aluminum can for paints and coatings or a beaker.

For temperature measurement, a Pt sensor can additionally be mounted. As temperature has the biggest influence on rheological measurements, Anton Paar provides different kinds of air-cooled temperature devices for the modular compact rheometers MCR 72 and MCR Choose from different measuring systems cone-plate, parallel-plate, concentric cylinder, double-gap, and stirrer suitable for different consistencies of sample and combine SurPASS 3 offers a wide range of measuring cells for the investigation and quality control of any sample geometry, size, or origin.

The instrument recognizes the used measuring cell automatically. The Measuring Cell for 1 mL Pre-filled Syringes enables zeta potential analysis at the inner surface of 1 mL syringe barrels. Liquid-on-solid surface adsorption kinetics can be studied in real-time on the inner barrel surface.

The broad variety of measuring cells makes SurPASS 3 suitable for any sample geometry, size, or origin. This gives you the utmost flexibility for your quality control and investigations. The used measuring cell is recognized automatically.

The Measuring Cell for Core Samples accommodates typical core samples and enables zeta potential analysis at the axial and at the radial surface of the core. The interaction of e. In order to measure all possible rheological properties, a wide range of measuring systems is available for RheolabQC and the MCR rheometer series.

QuickConnect, the quick-fit coupling system, allows one-handed connection of the measuring systems and ensures fast, convenient system changes without the use of a screwing mechanism. The innovative Time to make the Abbemat T-Check - for precise refractive index measurements at the correct temperature. The Abbemat T-Check precisely calibrates and adjusts the surface temperature of the measuring prism, ensuring the most precise refractive index and concentration measurements at the correct temperature.

Precise, fully traceable results are guaranteed. The flow cell is pouring the sample into the filling funnel. This setup is ideal for quality control and routine analysis if a large number of samples of sufficient volume need to be measured.

Quartz control plates are used for checking and adjusting the polarimeter scale. The quartz control plates are supplied in a case together with the manufacturer's certificate and temperature correction table. These flow cells are suitable for fast quality control and routine analysis.

The sample is filled manually by a syringe or automatically by an external peristaltic pump. The Rheo-Microscope delivers insights into the inner structure of the sample during rheological measurements. The combination of light microscopy and rheology allows the visualization of the influence of shear and deformation forces on the sample structure.

Among other things, you can observe and record the structure of emulsions at various points in the shear field through the microscope during shear. The setup consists of a CCD camera, a microscopy tube, illumination and a long working The CryoSync accessory enables autosorb iQ analyzers to generate precise isothermal sorption measurements at liquid argon Xsample is a single sample changer for different types of syringes that automatically fills all Anton Paar master instruments using your favorite syringes.

Many years of trouble-free operation are guaranteed due to the straightforward and robust design. Xsample is automatically prepared with up to two cleaning agents, ensuring perfect measuring conditions regardless of the operator and The new industrial grade peristaltic pump in combination with automatic cleaning makes Xsample perfectly suitable for measuring single low-viscosity samples with widely different properties in direct succession.

Once measured, the sample is drained or recovered and the system is automatically cleaned with up to two cleaning agents. A drying step is performed by the operator to perfectly prepare the measurement cell s for the next sample. The new industrial- grade peristaltic pump of Xsample enables measurements at the push of a button. Once the parameters are set, user-independent filling and therefore a reduction of handling errors can be achieved with this sample changer designed for single samples.

Operators are able to focus on more important tasks while filling and measurement are performed automatically. The flexible filling speed of Xsample ensures optimized sample treatment, which leads to perfect measuring User-independent first-class filling of numerous Anton Paar master instruments is ensured by stepless adjustability in combination with a smart pump lock.

With a simple snap the pump is adjusted and ready for operation. Xsample automatically handles up to 96 samples, so unattended filling and measurement are possible even during the night and weekends. Freeing operators for higher qualified tasks increases the productivity in the lab.

The maintenance-free peristaltic pump with a flexible The Xsample sample changer for all Anton Paar master instruments handles samples with a wide range of properties. With controlled filling power, samples from plain water to highly viscous oils up to 36, mPa. The position magazine for unattended operation can be exchanged with one hand to ensure easy handling and filling. With up to three cleaning agents, Xsample is ready to measure a great variety of samples in one run.

No compromises regarding The Xsample sample changer handles up to 36 heated sample positions for all Anton Paar master instruments. Improved heating leads to short heating periods, time savings, and increased performance. Even challenging samples can be measured according to strict ASTM standards. The robust design ensures reliable and maintenance-free operation. A removable magazine with dedicated non-heated positions saves time by facilitating sample handling The color of beverages is an important key property for guaranteeing the quality of all kinds of beverages.

SurPASS 3 has a broad variety of measuring cells, making it suitable for any sample geometry, size, or origin. It offers maximum flexibility for all kinds of quality control checks and investigations. The Measuring Cell for Hollow Fiber Membranes accommodates minimodules with embedded hollow fiber membranes for inner surface characterization.

The study of the inner surface modification of dialysis membranes is a typical application for this The Adjustable Gap Cell extends the range of applications to small samples with a rectangular or disk shape. The smart cell design even enables zeta potential determination of porous materials or materials which swell strongly. A proprietary mechanism defines the contact pressure and thus guarantees highly reproducible sample The Cylindrical Cell is mainly used for the investigation of natural or technical fibers and fabrics, granular samples and coarse particles.

It combines easy sample mounting with outstanding measurement reproducibility. The variety of measuring cells of SurPASS 3 suits any sample geometry, size, and origin and gives you the utmost flexibility for your quality control and investigations. SurPASS 3 recognizes the used measuring cell automatically. The Measuring Cell for Ceramic Membranes is applicable to, both, single and multichannel tubular ceramic membranes for microfiltration.

Zeta potential analysis gives direct access to the surface charge of the ceramic membrane. Tosca Control, the workflow-oriented control software, leads you through the measurement steps, increasing efficiency and simplifying the measurement procedure.

Tosca Analysis is a powerful software used for surface imaging, imaging analysis, and metrology analysis. The wide range of measuring cells of SurPASS 3 allows the investigation and quality control of any sample geometry, size, or origin. The Measuring Cell for Soft Contact Lenses enables uncompromised zeta potential analysis of soft contact lenses. The lenses are placed on a model eye where they are immediately accessible for zeta potential analysis.

The wide range of measuring cells of SurPASS 3 makes it suitable for any sample geometry, size, or origin and gives you absolute flexibility in your quality controls and investigations. It enables the inner surface characterization of flexible tubing, but also of polymer hollow fiber membranes used for water treatment. The applied electric field up to The temperature of the concentric cylinder and parallel-plate setups is controlled by Peltier elements. It is specially designed for heating the sample inlet and the sample outlet as well as the special syringe for filling samples like bitumen, asphalt, waxes and plastics.

It is a must-have tool for measuring samples with a high You can couple your gas container to LPG-Adapter within seconds and without any tools. Highly viscous samples such as chocolate, wax, crude oil, etc. Dedicated sample holders are available for almost all types of sample as well as for high-throughput measurements. RheoSAXS resolves the combined information of your sample within minutes. It is available in two versions, the standard version working at ambient temperatures and the ASX-c version with a cooling option.

The Inline Pump is a sample pump for non-corrosive, non-flammable liquids regardless the flow in the main line. It can be installed inline without a bypass construction and is maintenance-free. The increasing interest in nanotechnology has led to increased use of synchrotron beam lines during recent years. Apart from static nanostructure analysis, a further area of interest for material research is the influence of shear.

Use 24EVAP right before the digestion to evaporate acids or water, or after the digestion to remove acids interfering with analytical measuring methods or silicates with hydrofluoric acid. Acid vapors are safely The combination of optical with rheological measurements is essential to understand the dependencies between the microstructure and the mechanical properties of complex fluids. Shear-dependent changes in microstructure or crystallization processes during rheological measurements are relevant for multiple applications, such as the production and development of emulsion-, suspension-, or polymer solutions.

The investigation of complex flow fields such as shear banding, turbulence, or flow instabilities is of great importance in hydrodynamics or the analysis of mixing procedures. Most rheological theories are based on the assumption that a laminar flow field is present during the measurement. However, in practical applications samples also show a turbulent flow field. With Polarized Light Imaging you can directly observe and record sample pictures and videos in real-time for detailed insights into flow-induced crystallization processes, stress distribution of polymers, or local shear induced effects, as they may occur in liquid crystals.

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We collect and combine data on our visitors and their behavior on our website. This information is used to improve the website. Content from video platforms and social media platforms is blocked by default. If you accept cookies from external media, accessing these contents no longer requires giving manual consent. Density Meter. Microwave Digestion. Process Sensors. Particle Size Analyzers.

Alcohol Meter. Inline Beverage Analysis. Flash Point. Instrumented Indentation Tester. Beverage Analysis. About us Back. Jobs Back. Soft drink and syrup analysis: Soft Drink Analyzer M Part number: The new Soft Drink Analyzer M sugar concentration meter is the only instrument available to determine the sugar inversion process digitally. Beer hydrometer: EasyDens Part number: Connect to your handcrafted beverage!

Improve service level. It is a multiplier for goal value sum of weighted distances transforming it into a more accurate transport costs indicator. It is named 'twiggle factor', 'distance circuity factor', 'detour factor', Color customers black if warehouse distance exceeds lead time distance of. Lead time distance km represents lead time requirement expressed as the maximum allowed distance from the warehouse. Only consider cities with a population larger than. Closest city name appears as Center-of-Gravity name on the map, if you have checked 'Display closest city name' above the 'Demand map' button.

You can adjust the threshold, then press Calculate. The uniform distribution makes demand vary the most, the normal distribution the least. Output report will contain randomized demand quantities, not your original inputs. Positioning precision. Ultra high precision. Ultra high precision: within 1 meter. Runtime will double. Ultra high precision is merely used to inspect solver quality. Predefined warehouse locations. Fixed customer-warehouse assignments. Fixed supplier-warehouse assignments.

Capacity limits. Customer groups. Activate supply. Each supplier delivers to closest warehouse only. Each supplier delivers to each warehouse. Each supplier delivers to each warehouse via closest warehouse. Calculates individual shipment sizes replacing generic setting , assuming transport to larger customers is FTL like and to small customers LTL like.

Based on arbitrary delivery frequency assumptions. Minimum of 1 delivery per month. Of course, shipment size can not exceed FTL. The curve depicted below smoothly "connects the dots". If you enter shipment sizes at individual customer level, then those will be used instead. Shipment size can be expressed in KG, M3, pallets, loading metres, It is a multiplier to convert total sum of weighted distances into total transport costs.

Shipment costs curve. Modeled as a Bezier curve with 2 control points. You may adjust the curve by adjusting the control points. You can move the Bezier-handles in the chart itself by dragging them: put mouse over handle point red circles , press mouse down, move mouse. Or you van enter values via cost curve settings under the chart. Transport rates enable differentiation between relatively less expensive FTL-like supplier transport and relatively more expensive LTL-like customer transport.

The ratio between supplier and customer transport rate is more important than the rates as such. You may even enter shipment size per individual customer, to differentiate transport rates between customers. However, impact on Centers-of-Gravity locations will be marginal, if small and large shipment customers are scattered all around. Thus, per each unit transported LTL transport is 1. Customers table Check constraint "Fixed customer-warehouse assignments" to assign customers to a warehouse.

Check constraint "Customer groups" to have all customers within a group delivered by the same single warehouse. Demo data: all customers have field Group filled with a 2-letter ISO country code. In this case group means country: each country is delivered by one warehouse only.

Predefined warehouses table optional Check constraint "Predefined warehouse locations" to activate predefined warehouses and include those in the solution. Check constraint "Capacity limits" to limit warehouse throughput capacities. Demo date: field Capacity is set for both Birmingham and Madrid. Suppliers table optional Check parameter "Activate supply" to activate supply.

However, supplier transport is - due to larger shipment sizes - relatively less expensive than customer transport. Transport rates express how much less. Suppliers will appear relatively smaller on the map - reflecting pull force as used in the calculations - if you check Map Settings option "Display transport rated volumes". Flows from suppliers to customers via warehouse s are constructed automatically.

Under Supply options you can chose from three options. Distance bin width km. Run scores chart. Tab separated. Semicolon separated. Decimal point. Decimal comma. Copy outputs. Include headers. Utilization : only applicable if the capacity of a predefined warehouse has been specified and if constraint "capacity limits" has been checked.

View map and other outputs. You can quickly un check those constraints to see how those affect outcomes. Create realistic future scenario Advanced Mode Once you have replicated the current situation you can gradually allow more optimzation freedom while keeping constraints activated. Make sure you allow some customers to get re assigned to this new warehouse. Relaxing some constraints, you may want to implement other types of constraints: Limit warehouse capacities - to constrain demand volume that can be assigned to a warehouse - by filling field Capacity in the Predefined warehouses table and activating constraint "Capacity limits".

Keep in mind that in the future capacity limits may not be applicable anymore , if additional space can be rented or the owned facility expanded. Group customers for single sourcing to enforce all customers within a group free format, what group stands for is up to you to be assigned to a single warehouse, by filling field Group in the customers table for some or all customers and activating constraint "Customer groups". In the demo group stands for country.

Customers are grouped per country. Group is used to avoid that customers in the western part of France are delivered by a warehouse in the UK. Besides, you can run a sensitivity analysis that indicates how much transport costs increase if a warehouse is located outside the Center-of-Gravity. An area around the Center-of-Gravity is drawn.

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Our both team to score Rotterdam Tips 13rd January. Manchester City 1 - 0 prediction is : btts. FK Crvena zvezda - Young. Rated D E Sheehy. Avai - Flamengo RJ. Merlo 1 - 1 Laferrere Felipe Tips 13rd January. Luton - Bristol City. Isloch Minsk 2 - Slutsk. Lubeck 0 - 1 Mannheim. Juventus 3 - 0 Genoa Brighton Tips 13rd January.

Centers‑of‑Gravity Calculator helps optimizing your supply chain by calculating warehouse locations that minimize transport costs. calculation of the course thickness, earthwork, construc- tion materials Requirements in accordance with VOB/C ATV DIN The mass loss bet-. Acc. to ATV DIN the joint widths for gutters should be between 8–12 mm | 3 Basis of calculation: joint depth Ø 30 mm | 1 1 ⁄4“ / joint width Ø 3 mm | 1 ⁄8“ *1. Joint w id th. Stone size Re-filling costs are bet- ween 0,40 and 1 € per.